Growing Home Garden Sweet Corn (2022)

This publication is part of the Home Garden series.

Robert R. Westerfield, Extension Horticulturist

  • Types
  • Soil Preparation
  • Planting
  • Fertilizing
  • Watering
  • Maintaining
  • Maturity and Harvest
  • Problems
  • Recommended Varieties for the Georgia Gardener

Nothing can compare to the fresh, sweet, crisp taste of homegrown sweet corn that is picked and eaten on the same day. Sweet corn is certainly a favorite crop among home gardeners and, with the many varieties now available, there is one to suit every taste and need. Sweet corn is not difficult to grow and, by following the cultural guidelines provided in this publication, you too can enjoy this sweet delicacy.

Types of Sweet Corn

Sweet corn may be divided into three distinct types according to genetic background: normal sugary (su), sugary enhanced (se) and supersweet (sh2). There are also varieties now containing a combination of either two or all three of these genes, exhibiting qualities of each. These are sometimes designated as synergistic (sy) or augmented supersweet (shA.)

Standard sweet corn varieties contain a “sugary (su) gene” that is responsible for the sweetness and creamy texture of the kernels. Su’s are best suited to being picked, husked and eaten within a very short time. The sugar in Su varieties converts to starch rapidly, allowing them to be stored for only a few days.

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Sugary enhanced hybrids contain the sugary enhancer (se) gene that significantly raises the sugar content above standard varieties while retaining the tenderness and creamy texture of standard varieties. No isolation from standard varieties is necessary.

Supersweet hybrids contain the shrunken (sh2) gene, which delays the conversion of sugar to starch, allowing them to stay sweet longer than su varieties. The kernels of the supersweet varieties have a crispy, tough-skinned texture and contain low amounts of the water-soluble poly-saccharides that impart the creamy texture and “corn” flavor to other sweet corn varieties. Although the lack of creamy texture is not especially noticeable in fresh corn on the cob, it affects the quality of frozen and canned corn, as does the toughness of the seed coat. Unless corn must be stored, shipped or mechanically harvested, se’s are superior in eating quality to sh2’s.

Supersweets (sh2) should be isolated from any other type of corn tasseling at the same time to ensure sweetness and tenderness. Their pollen is weak and easily supplanted by other types, which causes the kernel to revert to a form with the toughness and starchiness of field corn. Because corn is wind-pollinated, this isolation distance should be 500 feet or more, especially down-wind.

Many new varieties contain two or all three types of genes. These may be called by several different terms including mixed gene, multi-gene, synergistic, sweet breeds, and extra tender, among other names. All of these should be isolated in the same manner as the sh2 varieties.

Soil Preparation

Sweet corn thrives best in loamy, well-drained soils but will tolerate a wide range of soil types. Optimum pH ranges from 6.0 to 6.5.

Till the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches using a spade, plow or rototiller. Avoid tilling the soil while it is too wet or large clods may be formed.

Planting

Sweet corn is a warm-season vegetable requiring soil temperatures between 60-90 degrees F. Avoid planting seed in cool soils. Wait until at least two weeks after the last average killing frost before planting. If planted too early, weak stands, stunted growth or frost-killed seedlings may result. The newer, sweeter varieties are even more sensitive to cool, wet soils and may not perform well in these conditions.

Plant corn in an area that receives at least 8 to 10 hours of sunlight. It is beneficial to plant near a water source for needed irrigation.

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Plant seed approximately 1 inch deep in rows 3 feet apart with 8 to 12 inches between each seed in the row. A hand pushed mechanical planter can make seeding much easier for larger stands of corn (Figure 1).

Corn is wind pollinated, so plant four or more short rows of sweet corn side-by-side instead of one long row. This will aid in good pollination and ear development (Figure 2).

Growing Home Garden Sweet Corn (1)Figure 1. Hand pushed mechanical planter.

Growing Home Garden Sweet Corn (2)Figure 2. Plant several short rows.

Plant sh2 and multi-gene varieties 400 yards away from standard varieties, or plant so maturity dates are 1 month apart to avoid cross pollination.

Fertilizing

A soil test through the local county extension office is always the best way to determine the lime and fertilizer needs. If lime is required, it can be tilled into the ground during soil preparation but is most effective when applied 2 to 3 months prior to planting.

(Video) Growing Sweet Corn from Sowing to Harvest

If a soil test is not done, a general guideline is to apply 6 pounds of 10-10-10 per 100 linear row feet before planting. Fertilizer can also be broadcast at a rate of 30 pounds per 1,000 square feet. Sidedress two to three times during the growing season with ammonium nitrate (34-0-0) at a rate of 3 to 5 pounds per 100 feet of row. More frequent sidedressing may be required on sandy soils or when excessive rain occurs. Sidedressing involves digging a shallow trench on one side of the row, near the plant, and applying fertilizer. It is then covered with soil (Figures 3 and 4).

Growing Home Garden Sweet Corn (3)Figure 3. To sidedress, dig a shallow trench along the row and apply fertilizer.

Watering

Water is vital to ensure a good stand of corn. Corn requires a minimum of 1 inch of water per week for normal development. The most critical periods for water are during pollination and during final ear filling.

Water sufficiently to moisten the soil to a depth of 6 inches. Irrigate in the early morning or early evening to allow foliage to dry before dark. Soaker hoses or drip irrigation placed alongside rows are an excellent way to irrigate corn and conserve water.

Maintaining

Keep rows clean and free from weeds. Light, shallow tilling between rows can be done, but take care not to get too close to the root system of the corn. After cultivating with a tiller or hoe, mound soil 2-3 inches up around the base of the plants to support stalks from wind damage. On small stands of corn, where it is practical, place organic mulches around plants to help conserve moisture and control weeds. Chemical herbicides are also available to aid in weed control.

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Maturity and Harvest

Sweet corn matures in 60 to 100 days, depending on the variety. For a continuous harvest, plant early, mid and late season varieties or make successive two-week plantings of the same variety.

Sweet corn should be ready for harvest about 20 days after the appearance of the first silk strands. Sweet corn is picked during the “milk stage,” when the kernels are fully formed but not completely mature. Sweet corn is ready to harvest when the silks become dry and brown and the kernels are smooth, plump and pop open when punctured with a thumbnail. Not every ear in the row will be ready at the same time and they may mature several days apart.

After picking, cook and eat corn right away or store it in cool temperatures, such as in a refrigerator, as soon as possible. It can then be canned, frozen or eaten fresh within a few days. Keeping the corn cool is the key to better flavor as high temperatures will convert the sugar in the kernels to starch, giving it a bland taste. Although many new varieties have extended storage quality, most lose 50 percent of their flavor within 12 to 18 hours of picking if left unrefrigerated.

Problems

Common cultural problems of sweet corn include poor kernel development caused by dry weather during silking, planting too close, poor fertility, too few rows in a block causing poor pollination, and lodging (falling over) from too much nitrogen and/or wind damage.

High temperature and poor water management during the tasseling stage can cause poor pollination and fewer kernels on the ears. Insects such as Japanese beetles can also affect kernel pollination by eating the silk.

Common insect problems that will be encountered in sweet corn include corn earworm, aphids and flea beetles. Cutworms, seed-corn maggots, Southern corn rootworm, wireworms, fall armyworm, European corn borers and Japanese beetles may be encountered as pests of sweet corn.

Check with your local county extension agent for recommendations for controlling and preventing these pests.

Sweet corn is seldom seriously damaged by diseases in the home garden. The following proper cultural practices can reduce or prevent many potential disease problems:

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  • Obtain seed from a reputable seed source and use fungicide, pre-treated seed to reduce problems with damping-off.
  • Plant when the soil temperature is above 55 degrees F to reduce most seedling rots.
  • Keep the garden free of nearby weeds, which can harbor viruses.
  • Remove corn smut-infested ears promptly from the stalks and garden area.
  • Remove plant debris after harvest to reduce diseases that may over-winter in the old stalks.

Recommended Varieties for the Georgia Gardener

VarietyDays to MaturityGene Type
Yellow
Bodacious75se
Honey Select79Triple Sweet Hybrid
Mirai 13169Triple Sweet Hybrid
Seneca64su
Golden Queen92su
White
Silver Queen92su
Silver King80se
How Sweet It Is87sh2
Avalon82Triple Sweet
Seneca Sensation70se
Silver Princess74se
Nicole72shA
Bi-Color
Butter & Sugar75su
Ambrosia75se
Serendipity82Triple Sweet Hybrid
Honey ’n Pearl76se
Sweet Breed Chorus67Multi Gene Variety
Mirai 30176Triple Sweet
Peaches & Cream83se
Montauk79sy
Rosie74shA
Providence82Triple Sweet

Status and Revision History
Published on Dec 15, 2006
Published on Oct 13, 2009
Historic/Archived on Dec 01, 2012
Published on Oct 15, 2019
Published with Minor Revisions on Oct 17, 2019

FAQs

Growing Home Garden Sweet Corn? ›

Plant seeds one inch deep, and eight to 12 inches apart, with rows 30 to 36 inches apart. Plant in blocks of at least four rows rather than a long single row for proper pollination. Small, lightweight Shrunken (sh) kernels demand the most care at planting. Do not plant them deeper than three-fourths to one inch.

How long does it take for a sweet corn plant to grow? ›

Maturity and Harvest

Sweet corn matures in 60 to 100 days, depending on the variety. For a continuous harvest, plant early, mid and late season varieties or make successive two-week plantings of the same variety. Sweet corn should be ready for harvest about 20 days after the appearance of the first silk strands.

What month is best to plant sweetcorn? ›

Sweetcorn needs warm conditions, so sow indoors at 18–21°C (65–70°F) from mid-April to early May. Sow the large seeds in modules or deep pots at a depth of 2.5cm (1in).

How many sweet corn do you get from one plant? ›

About sweetcorn

Each plant will produce one or two cobs, so work out how many cobs you're likely to need (you can freeze them) and provide enough space to achieve this.

How many rows of sweet corn do you need to pollinate? ›

Since sweet corn is pollinated by the wind, it cannot be planted in a single row. Even two rows of corn will not pollinate correctly. A plot 4 feet long by four rows wide is the minimum to getting good full ears of sweet corn. Sometimes you can get by with three rows.

Should you water corn everyday? ›

Corn has deep roots, so you need to water long enough that water reaches a depth of 30–36 inches. Because corn benefits from deep, soaking watering, it's best to water once per week rather than daily, as this ensures adequate soil moisture.

Does corn come back every year? ›

About Corn. Sweet corn is a tender, warm-season annual crop that produces ears of yellow, white, or bi-colored kernels. A long, frost-free growing season (60 to 100 frost-free days) is necessary to grow and harvest corn.

How many corn cobs do you get per plant? ›

General Quantities. One corn plant, given adequate growing conditions, will produce between two and four ears of corn. Early varieties produce fewer, while later-maturing types produce slightly more.

Does sweet corn need full sun? ›

For maximum growth and yield, sweet corn should receive full sun. Soil temperature must be at least 50°F for germination and growth, but 60-85°F is ideal.

Why do farmers cut the tops of corn? ›

A: The topping of plants is for seed corn production. The tassels are removed so that plants can only be pollinated by other plants. The rows that are topped are females rows.

How much corn should I plant for a family of 4? ›

How Much to Plant (For a Family of Four)
Asparagus40 PlantsPerennial
Corn15'Succession Plant and Multiple Varieties
Cucumbers2 hillsSingle Planting
Greens10'Spring and Fall Crop
Kale5 PlantsSingle Planting
17 more rows
Feb 17, 2022

How do I know when my sweet corn is ready to harvest? ›

Use your fingernail to puncture a kernel. The liquid inside is going to tell you a lot about your timing. If the liquid that comes out is very clear and watery, they're not ripe yet. If you can see through the liquid and yet it looks milky, the corn is perfect for picking.

What happens if you don't thin corn? ›

Some gardeners and farmers don't thin corn at all. But sowing extra seed ensures a uniform stand of corn (especially important for small plantings) and allows us to select for seedling vigor. Thinning gives us plants with better disease and pest resistance, producing earlier, larger ears.

Can I plant 2 varieties of corn together? ›

Since different types of corn can cross-pollinate and contaminate one another, they should be isolated from one another. All sweet corn types should be isolated from field corn, popcorn, and ornamental corn. Shrunken-2 varieties must also be isolated from sugar-enhanced and standard sweet corn varieties.

Can I plant 2 corn seeds together? ›

For early plantings, sow seeds only 1 inch deep; in the hot weather of midsummer, plant them up to 2 inches deep. The average germination rate for sweet corn is about 75 percent, so plant three seeds together every 7 to 15 inches. They should germinate in 7 to 10 days. Thin to one plant every 15 inches.

How many ears of corn are on a stalk? ›

Most sweet corn varieties will have one to two ears per plant because they are mature rapidly and are generally short statured plants. Early maturing sweet corn will have one ear while those that mature later have two harvestable ears.

Does corn need fertilizer? ›

Once established, corn plants need regular feeding with a high-dose nitrogen fertilizer. Nitrogen helps to further develop roots, and corn plants absorb it quickly and in abundance with soil rapidly becoming depleted of nitrogen as the growing season progresses.

When should you stop watering corn? ›

Like field corn, irrigation for sweet corn should terminate at maturity. For sweet corn, this could be anywhere from 60 to 100 days.

How tall should corn be after 2 months? ›

The plants grow to a height of 6 feet tall, with ears that are 8.5 inches long. At 70 days to maturity, the corn will be ready to harvest at just a little over two months after planting.

How tall should corn be after 3 weeks? ›

Roughly three weeks after emergence, the corn plant has reached the growth milestone designated vegetative growth stage 6, or V6, for short. At this stage, the growing point has moved above ground and the plant is roughly knee high.

How tall should corn be after 6 weeks? ›

By V5, the number of potential leaf and ear shoots are determined. Plant is 8 to 12 inches tall and growing point remains below soil surface. V6-V8 - Beginning 4 to 6 weeks after VE, the growing point grows above the soil surface, increasing susceptibility to hail, frost or wind damage.

Is it easy to grow sweet corn? ›

Is sweet corn easy to grow? Sweet corn is easier to grow than many people think. It can be grown in large containers, or the ground, and only requires a bit of room to anchor its tall stems. Plant it in 'blocks' rather than rows as it is pollinated by the wind.

How many cobs of corn are on a stalk? ›

Corn usually only has one ear per stalk.

How many corn cobs do you get per plant? ›

General Quantities. One corn plant, given adequate growing conditions, will produce between two and four ears of corn. Early varieties produce fewer, while later-maturing types produce slightly more.

Sweet corn is a popular vegetable and is relatively easy to grow. Among market gardeners throughout New England, about half of the vegetable acreage is devoted to sweet corn. The average yield for a home garden is about one-two ears per plant. Varietie

The average yield for a home garden is about one-two ears per plant.. Sugary-enhanced varieties (se or se+) varieties accumulate more sugar than the (su) varieties, and super-sweet (sh2) varieties are the sweetest of all, with the sugars converting to starches much more slowly than with other types.. Soil temperature must be at least 50°F for germination and growth, but 60-85°F is ideal.. Sweet corn that has germinated can withstand light frosts because the growing point is protected by the outer leaves, but it is important for the soil to be warm enough to allow germination.. Sweet corn needs ample water from germination to harvest, but the most critical period for water is about 2 weeks before silks form.. To get a continuous supply of corn throughout the summer, plant a small amount of the same variety every 7-10 days or simultaneously plant varieties with different dates to maturity.. Test soil before planting to determine the amount of lime and fertilizers needed.. Fertilizers should be thoroughly incorporated into the soil before planting.. While it is possible for corn to be pollinated effectively when planted in a single row, planting several short rows in a block formation increases the likelihood of successful pollination.. Plants should be spaced 8-10 inches apart between plants.. Each corn planting will be mature for only a short time: 7-10 days.. For a continuous supply of corn throughout the summer, plant a small amount of the same variety every 7-10 days or simultaneously plant varieties with different dates to maturity.. The best control is to cut off the ear and dispose of it.. One control method is to cover the planted rows with polyester rowcovers (available at most garden centers) at the time of planting.. The temperature at which sweet corn is harvested and stored can have a dramatic effect on eating quality.

Crisp and tender sweet corn 

Choosing sweet corn varieties. Three genes control sweetness in corn: Sugary (su), Sugary Enhancer (se) and Shrunken-2 (sh).. Isolate from all other sweet corn types.. Sugar content in synergistic types take longer to build up than in sugary enhanced types, and kernels can be watery if picked too early.. Seeds germinate best when soil temperatures are close to 60°F.. Know what genetic type of corn you are planting.. There are many types of sweet corn available to gardeners.

For fresh-picked flavor, sweet corn plants (Zea mays) can't be beaten. Learn how easy it is to grow the classic summertime treat in your own backyard.

Common Name Sweet corn Botanical Name Zea mays Family Poaceae Plant Type Annual Size 6–8 ft. tall, 1–2 ft. wide Sun Exposure Full sun Soil Type Loamy, well-drained Soil pH Acidic, neutral (6 to 7) Bloom Time Summer Hardiness Zones 2–11 (USDA) Native Area Mexico. Plant sweet corn in the spring after all danger of frost has passed.. Because corn grows fairly tall, make sure not to plant it near other shorter crops that it might shade out.. Corn typically can grow without a support structure, as long as you plant it in a spot that’s fairly sheltered from strong winds.. An inch or two of compost , rotted manure, or fish emulsion worked into the soil in the fall prior to planting is good to feed your corn.. Because corn is pollinated by the wind, it does best when planted in blocks rather than rows.. The Spruce / Autumn Wood. The Spruce / Autumn Wood. The Spruce / Autumn Wood. There are hundreds of corn varieties, virtually all falling under six major categories: sweet corn, popcorn, corn for animal feed, dwarf corn, decorative corn, and multicolored Indian corn.. Sweet corn is harvested at peak tenderness when its kernels are juicy and sweet.. Each stalk of sweet corn should produce at least one ear of corn.. You can freeze sweet corn by removing the kernels from the ears and storing them in an airtight container.. And just like when growing corn in the ground, plant your containers in a block for pollination.. Pruning is not necessary for sweet corn plants.. Sweet corn can be propagated by saving seeds to plant the following season.. Sweet corn is fairly easy to grow as long as you have the space for multiple plants.

From ruby red to brilliant white, discover many of the amazing varieties of sweet corn you can grow in your garden. Read our roundup on Gardener's Path now.

Read on to find out all about the best varieties of sweet corn to grow in your garden.. The most common cultivar that you’ll find for home growing is referred to as “sugary.” You’ll typically be able to tell if it’s this type since you’ll find “SU” written somewhere on the seed packet or product listing.. The third type is also a supersweet variety (I think it’s pretty clear that corn is a good crop choice for those with a sweet tooth!. This plump yellow and white variety is super sweet, and perfect for home growing.. This heirloom SH2 variety has 5-foot stalks that produce 7-inch, very dark blue ears that are highly decorative.. An AAS Winner for 2001, this “triplesweet” variety produces ears that are a hybrid of 75% SE and 25% SH2, providing a rich and sweet flavor that is hard to rival.. Producing ears between 8 and 9 inches long, ‘Honey Select’ Hybrid is ready to harvest in 80 days and grows on stalks that will reach up to six feet in height.. This popular variety is as beautiful as it is bountiful, producing large yields with ears 8 1/2 to 9 inches long, with 18 to 20 rows of bright yellow kernels.. This SU variety grows six-foot-tall stalks, and it thrives in full sun conditions with slightly acidic soils.. Although technically an SH2 variety, ‘Nirvana’ Hybrid kernels are plumper than your usual SH2, and so your harvest will be more like an extra-sweet SE variety.. Best roasted, baked, or boiled, this variety reaches maturity in 75 days and thrives in full sun conditions.. This variety is ready to harvest in 75 days and stalks grow to 7 feet tall.. With ears that reach 8 inches long, sporting 18 rows of juicy, very tender kernels, there’s more than enough to enjoy with this variety.. Producing large ears between 8 and 9 inches long with 14-16 rows of white kernels, this variety grows stalks up to 8 feet tall, and is ready to harvest in 92 days.. An SU variety, ‘Stowells Evergreen’ is hardy and productive, whilst at the same time producing very tender and sugary white kernels.

You can start growing sweet corn organically in your home garden, if you have lots of space available. You can start growing sweet corn in your garden or anywhere within your property for enhancing the beauty and also for enjoying the great taste of home grown sweet corn.

You can start growing sweet corn in your garden or anywhere within your property for enhancing the beauty and also for enjoying the great taste of home grown sweet corn.. So if you have space available in your garden, consider growing sweet corn organically.. However, here we are describing everything about growing sweet corn organically in home garden .. And within these 3 types, there are several varieties available.. Corn plants are actually picky about their soil, so you have to make the soil perfectly for better growth of the plants.. While planting sweet corn seeds, ensure the soil temperature is above 16° C for better germination.. Water the beds once the seeds are planted.. Generally the sweet corn seeds germinate within 10-14 days after sowing.. So water the plants when the soil is dry.. Hoe between the rows for controlling weeds, but be very careful because the sweet corn plants have very shallow roots that can be damaged while hoeing.. Thinning: Sweet corn plants will not grow well if they are overcrowded.. Like many other vegetables, corn plants are susceptible to some common garden pests.. These are the common steps for growing sweet corn organically in home garden.

Do you crave learning to grow great sweet corn in your home garden? Here's all the best growing practices for yielding amazing sweet corn you can enjoy all year long.

* Share my gardening ideas as well as harvest and storage tips.. Are you ready to grow great sweet corn?. The great thing about sweet corn varieties is that there’s a little something for everyone.. You can plant different colors: Yellow, White and Bicolor.. You can use this knowledge to pick a good variety for you.. Plants should be planted 8-12 inches apart in rows at least 3 feet apart.. Before we calk about harvesting, let’s talk about caring for the sweet corn plants and watching them grow.. The roundup ready varieties will have much better weed control, obviously and you’ll have a very clean field with very little effort.. Proper pollination ensures the ears will fill out all the way with kernels, so you want this to happen.. If the ears are truly ready, they will come off easily.

Is there anything better than fresh sweet corn on a hot summer’s day? (Well, maybe fresh-picked watermelon.) While I didn’t always grow sweet corn, once I started, it quickly became a family favorite and has...

Most gardeners sow corn seeds directly into the garden.. Birds and Sprouts The most common reason for spotty germination for my corn plantings is that the birds love corn.. If you find this to be the case as well, make sure you keep watering.. Start looking to harvest about 20 days after your silks appear.. If you have a long growing season, you could plant several plantings.

Your summer cookouts are about to become so much more delicious.

The sugar in the kernels of ears of open-pollinated sweet corn varieties starts changing to starch almost as soon as you pick the ears.. These varieties produce ears with a combination of sugary-enhanced kernels and supersweet kernels on each ear.. If you have lots of garden space, you may also want to try growing some popcorn or ornamental corn, which have similar planting and care needs as sweet corn.. Corn doesn’t transplant well, either, so if you garden in a short-season area and want to start corn indoors, use biodegradable pots to avoid disturbing the roots at transplanting time.. If you want corn only for fresh eating, plant a minimum of 10 to 15 plants per person.. To avoid cross-pollination, keep different corn cultivars (especially supersweets) 400 or more yards apart, or plant them so they tassel 2 weeks apart.. The best way to promote complete pollination is to plant corn in blocks rather than long individual rows — a block should be at least three rows wide.. For early plantings, sow seeds only 1 inch deep; in the hot weather of midsummer, plant them up to 2 inches deep.. The average germination rate for sweet corn is about 75 percent, so plant three seeds together every 7 to 15 inches.. Water stress during pollination will result in ears with lots of missing kernels, so don’t skip watering your corn patch.. Corn earworms are one of the best-known corn pests.. Earworm moths lay eggs on corn silks and the larvae crawl inside the husks to feed at the tips of the developing ears.. Cucumber beetle larvae, also known as corn rootworms, feed on corn roots, causing plants to weaken and collapse.. In order to produce kernels, wind must deposit pollen from the tassels (plant tops) onto each of the silks on the ears.. If you’re planting only a single or double row of corn plants, you can improve pollination by transferring pollen from tassels to silks yourself.

We'll show you how to grow sweet corn in your backyard. with so many varieties, home sweet corn is a rewarding crop with multiple benefits to the home organic gardener. In this guide we have you covered from A to Z.

The planting, growth and harvesting of corn all take great effort and commitment.. Corn is very susceptible to frosts, and if you end up planting seeds during that season, or too early into the spring season when frost has only just ended, the chances are you’ll ruin your plantation.. Corns are best planted in the spring, at least two weeks after the last frost date since they are very intolerant to cold.. If you’re planting different varieties of corn, use larger grids and separate them so cross pollination doesn’t occur.. Weeds can absorb water away from the corn seeds, causing them to dehydrate and lose nutrients.. Before planting the seeds, it is a great idea to soak the seeds overnight in tepid water.. Water the seeds right after you plant them until the soil appears rich and dark.. Keeping the seeds hydrated at all times is vital for them to grow, especially, considering that corns have roots that are susceptible to drought; so water them as necessary throughout the process.. The husks of the corn should be tightly folded, green in color and plump and firm in texture, whereas the corn silk should be dark brown as opposed to yellow.. It is crucial that you harvest your corns during the optimal harvest period, because the sugar turns into starch quickly after the corn becomes fully ripe.. If you want to have a fresh supply of corns for a longer period, plant each grid of corn seeds at 2-week intervals.. There is a rich variety of corn seeds that you can choose from.. Once you start growing your own corn, you’ll be excited to try out as many types of corn as possible.

Growing Corn Is Easy Who doesn’t love sinking their teeth in to fresh corn on the cob, or the aroma of corn bread hot out of the oven? The most popular choice for home gardens is, of course, sweet corn. This is the type you’ll grow if you want corn on the cob, or fresh corn kernels. Sweet corn varieties come in white, yellow or bicolor. For a little variety, try some dry corn! Flint corn and dent corn come in a wide variety of colors and can be used as autumn decorations before processing them for meal, flour, polenta or hominy. Popcorn is another fun choice. Grow your own traditional yellow or multi-colored corn for popping! If you have enough space, plant several varieties! Unless you plan on saving seeds from your harvest for planting the next year, it’s ok to mix and match. You might also plant multiple varieties with different lengths of time until harvest, so that you can enjoy an extended season of fresh corn. Check out our video on How to Grow Corn, Tricia shows you how she grows corn in her garden. Types of Corn to Grow Sweet Corn–available in white, yellow or bicolor Dry Corn Dent Corn–when dry the kernels have a small dent. Varieties include Hopi Blue Dent and Bloody Butcher. Flint Corn–when dry the kernel has a thick, hard outer coating (endosperm) and is more rounded. The ears tend to be long and slender. Varieties include Floriani, Glass Gem and Japonica. Popcorn– Varieties include Tom Thumb, Cherokee, Dakota Black, Neon Pink and Spectrum Red Husk. Growing Requirements for Corn No matter what type of corn you choose, it is all planted and grown in the same way. Full sun–Because it grows so tall and dense, consider what you will be planting nearby which may be affected by the shade it makes. Planted in a cluster or a block for adequate pollination. Instead of planting one long row, you should plan on planting a patch of at least three closely spaced short rows. Don't plant too close, final spacing should be about 1 foot between stalks. Prepare your garden bed for planting by adding plenty of organic matter. Corn is a “heavy feeder” that needs high nitrogen fertilizer such as alfalfa or blood meal. Another excellent way to fertilize your corn is to plant a legume cover crop in the fall, and turn it under a few weeks before planting. When is the Best Time to Plant Corn? Wait to plant your corn until at least two weeks after the last frost date. The soil must be warmer than 60°F for the seed to germinate. Corn does not transplant well, but if you season is so short that you must start it indoors, plant in biodegradable pots to avoid disturbing the roots when transplanting. A better solution is to help the soil warm faster before seeding outdoors, by using black mulch in your garden beds. Soak the corn seeds overnight before planting to help them germinate quicker. Plant them at a depth of 1 inch, with 2 seeds per hole. Once they’ve germinated, keep the best seedling, and remove the others by snipping them at the base. Don’t pull the unwanted seedlings, because it could disturb or damage the shallow roots of the one you want to keep. Caring for Your Corn Protect new sprouts–To prevent your corn sprouts from being eaten by hungry critters such as birds, fence them in and cover them with bird netting or lightweight Agribon (AG-15). Agribon also helps to prevent corn rootworm, which are the larvae of cucumber beetles. Feed them–When your corn is knee-high, dig a furrow next to each row of corn and fertilize in the furrow with high nitrogen fertilizer. Keep them weeded–Keep up with weed control throughout the season. Mulch your corn well once it’s a few inches tall. If you decide to pull or hoe out the weeds, be careful not to disturb the corns’ roots. Water your corn sufficiently, especially once the tassels form, because if allowed to dry out it could cause the kernels to develop unevenly. Using drip irrigation or a soaker hose will help ensure even watering and reduce weed growth too. Lots of Pests Love Corn as Much as You Do! Prevention is the best remedy. Keep out larger pests such as deer by fencing your garden in. Raccoons can strip a corn patch overnight: keep your corn safe by tying a paper lunch bag over each ear after it’s been fertilized (this also keeps birds off). Corn earworms, corn borers and other caterpillars hide in ears and eat up the kernels from the inside. Using a clothespin on each ear tip once silks form can prevent caterpillars from crawling inside; or you can spray your corn with Safer Caterpillar Killer starting when silks emerge. When is My Corn Ready to Pick With good care, your corn will produce 1 or 2 ears per stalk. Sweet Corn Sweet corn is ready to harvest about three weeks after the silks appear. At this time, check for ripeness by pulling back part of the husk and piercing a kernel with your fingernail. If the juice is milky, it is ready. If clear, check again in a few days; if pasty, it is overripe. Pick the ears by bending and twisting them toward the ground. Once picked, sweet corn ears should be left in the husk until you eat or preserve them. If you will not be eating them within 3 days of harvest, blanch and freeze the ears or the kernels for the best flavor. Dry Corn Dry corns should be left on the stalk to dry until the first hard frost. If dampness is a problem in your area, you can cut the ears before the rainy season and stack them in a cool place until dry. Removing dry corn can be difficult, try using a Hand Corn Sheller. Then use a grain mill to turn it into flour, meal or polenta. If you want to make hominy, do not grind the kernels, keep it whole and store in a dry place until ready to use. Plant a corn patch this year, enjoy some fresh corn flavor, and grow organic for life!

This is the type you’ll grow if you want corn on the cob, or fresh corn kernels.. Flint corn and dent corn come in a wide variety of colors and can be used as autumn decorations before processing them for meal, flour, polenta or hominy.. You might also plant multiple varieties with different lengths of time until harvest, so that you can enjoy an extended season of fresh corn.. Check out our video on How to Grow Corn , Tricia shows you how she grows corn in her garden.. Sweet Corn –available in white, yellow or bicolor Dry Corn Dent Corn–when dry the kernels have a small dent.. Another excellent way to fertilize your corn is to plant a legume cover crop in the fall, and turn it under a few weeks before planting.. Feed them–When your corn is knee-high, dig a furrow next to each row of corn and fertilize in the furrow with high nitrogen fertilizer.. Raccoons can strip a corn patch overnight: keep your corn safe by tying a paper lunch bag over each ear after it’s been fertilized (this also keeps birds off).. Corn earworms, corn borers and other caterpillars hide in ears and eat up the kernels from the inside.. Removing dry corn can be difficult, try using a Hand Corn Sheller.. Plant a corn patch this year, enjoy some fresh corn flavor, and grow organic for life!

Growing sweetcorn is easy. If you want to know how to grow sweet corn follow all the steps and advice here.

Soil Conditions and Soil Preparation for Growing Sweet Corn Sweet corn can grow in many soil types, but for the best results have enough moisture and plenty of compost and humus.. For example, super sweet or improved super sweet types of sweet corn need an optimal soil temperature of at least 15°C (60°F) otherwise under cooler soil conditions the germination process is significantly slower.. Keep in mind when growing sweet corn that standard sweet corn (su) can be planted first, as early as you can, in soil that's about 10°C (50°F).. Growing sweet corn requires very little maintenance, however, like most crops sweet corn too can be infested by pests that can ruin the plant.. The best way to avoid cutworm infestation is to prepare the land early and regularly control the weed growth.

See how to best fertilize your sweet corn for a great harvest. When and how you fertilize can make a huge difference in a crop's performance!

If you grow sweet corn, you might be surprised at just how much of a difference a dose or two of fertilizer, given at the right time, can make to your crop’s overall performance.. Sweet corn benefits immensely from 3 simple and timely fertilizing applications.. The second fertilizing comes as the corn reaches around 4 weeks of age.. Step 1 – Fertilizing Seeds & Seedlings – How To Fertilize Sweet Corn Corn seedlings require a lighter, more balanced dose of fertilizer.. Compost is one of the best fertilizers of all for corn seedlings.. You can still help your sweet corn crop by applying the second and third fertilizers.. Steps 2 & 3 – How To Fertilize Sweet Corn The second and third applications of fertilizer for sweet corn are by far the most important.. And when it comes to sweet corn, the most important nutrient is nitrogen.. 4 Weeks & 8 Weeks – When & How To Fertilize Sweet Corn By four weeks, the corn crop has become established in the soil and can handle it’s first stronger supplement of nutrients.. One More Dose – How To Fertilize Sweet Corn Finally, at the 8 to 10 week mark of your crop, you will want to apply one more dose of the 16-16-8 fertilizer.. Here is to fertilizing your sweet corn crop this year, and to enjoying some delicious ears later this summer.

Corn is one of the most popular vegetables that gardeners grow. Everyone loves homegrown sweet corn paired with hamburgers - an iconic American dinner. You might not realize that there are more than one best

You can grow popcorn, sweet corn, flint corn, flour corn, and dent corn.. If you want to grow some juicy, sweet corn in your backyard, we picked the best sweet corn varieties for your garden.. If you’re looking for a sweet corn variety to grow in your garden, here are 11 types of sweet corn consider adding to your garden.. Corn Type : SE Corn Kernel Color : Yellow & White Kernels Size of Ears : 8 Inches. Jubilee is a bountiful sweet corn variety, maturing in 90 to 1100 days with deliciously sweet corn.. Corn Variety : SU Variety Kernel Color : White Days to Maturity : 92-100 Days

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Sweet corn is not one of the more commonly planted home garden vegetables, and there are reasons for this.. As a result, many vegetable gardeners don't plant corn, especially if they have a small garden.. Many early summer vegetables produce over a period of weeks or even months.. Recommended sweet corn cultivars grouped by how long to harvest include:. Recommended supersweet types (which must be isolated from cross pollination with ordinary sweet corn or sugary enhanced) include How Sweet It Is (AAS), Honey-N-Pearl (AAS), XTender 378, 372, 270 BC, Passion, Accelerator, Summer Sweet #8101W, Summer Sweet #7210Y, #8102 BC, Pegasus and Ice Queen.. That's 20 plants.. If they each produce two ears, you have a generous harvest of 40 ears of corn.. At least one pollen grain must land on each silk to pollinate a female flower, which produces one kernel of corn.. Then feel the ear.

Sweet corn is a popular vegetable and is relatively easy to grow. Among market gardeners throughout New England, about half of the vegetable acreage is devoted to sweet corn. The average yield for a home garden is about one-two ears per plant. Varietie

As a general rule, plant early corn in light soil (sand or loam) and later corn in heavier soil (silt or clay), when there is an option.. To get a continuous supply of corn throughout the summer, plant a small amount of the same variety every 7-10 days or simultaneously plant varieties with different dates to maturity.. This corn planting will provide a steady harvest of sweet corn from late July through mid-October.. For a continuous supply of corn throughout the summer, plant a small amount of the same variety every 7-10 days or simultaneously plant varieties with different dates to maturity.. The European Corn Borer and the Corn Earworm are two insects that attack sweet corn.

<p>Sweet corn is a popular vegetable among Americans; did you know you could grow your own if you learn how far apart to plant sweet corn? Sweet corn is used to bring colour and flavour to summertime barbecues, indoor dining and picnics.  It is easy to grow and among the most grown crop in New England. The average production for a home garden is about 1-2 ears per plant.  You will find it growing in home gardens across the USDA plant hardiness zones 3 to 11.  The Zea Mays (corn) sweetness levels differ according to the variety grown. When growing … </p> <p class=

When growing white, yellow or hybrid sweet corn in your home garden, you should know the correct sweet corn spacing required in your available space.. After harvesting the corn, the sugar changes into starches, and the kernels grow tougher and less sweet.. The Sugary-enhanced varieties (se or se+) varieties have more sugar than the (su) varieties, and the super-sweet (sh2) varieties are the sweetest of all.. You can prevent cross-pollination by planting each type far away from each other against the wind direction, alternatively, by planting different varieties on spaced out dates, so they do not bloom at the same time.. The rows should be spaced at least 2½ – 3 feet apart.. The plants should be spaced at least 8-10 inches apart from plant to plant.. You only need to know the basics of the right growing conditions and the critical sweet corn seed spacing.. You can seed your sweet corn directly in your garden, but this must be done in spring when the soil is warm enough.. If not, go ahead and plant your corn in your type of soil.. Sweet corn requires plenty of water from germination to harvest; however, the most critical period for watering is 2 weeks before the silks form.. Corn must be pollinated to bear their crop.. Corn can pollinate effectively even when planted in a single row.. Corn requires an equivalent of 25lbs of 10-10-10 fertilizer per 1,000 square feet.. Thoroughly incorporate your choice of fertilizer in the soil before planting to get the best effect.

Even a small plot can produce ears with unrivaled taste. In this article by Fine Gardening, learn all about how to grow corn in a small space.

So be sure to take all these factors into consideration before picking what kind of corn you’ll grow.. While not as sweet as sh2 varieties, EH/SE corn maintains its sweetness much longer—both on the plant and after picking—than traditional varieties.. The milkiness of this type is closer to traditional varieties and is less affected by cross-pollination than sh2 varieties.. Plant several seeds together so that three stalks grow from each hole, or “hill.” High-density growth for good pollination is what you’re after.. Photo: Pam Spaulding Dig 2-inch-deep holes that are properly spaced.. Corn seed that’s been treated to protect against fungus can be planted a week or two earlier than untreated seed.. Grow greens with your corn.. But again, this is not usually a problem in small plots if they are kept fertile and filled with diverse crops.

Videos

1. गमले में स्वीट कॉर्न कैसे उगाएं? पूरी जानकारी | How To Grow Sweet Corn At Home In Hindi
(Terrace & Gardening)
2. Planting Sweet Corn - Home Vegetable Garden
(webcajun)
3. The ONLY Way You Should Plant Sweet Corn
(Hoss Tools)
4. How To Grow Corn in Containers ( WITH FULL UPDATES)
(Urban Gardening)
5. How To Plant Sweet Corn Easy Guide - Home Gardening Tips
(TCM Clips)
6. How to Grow Corn - Complete Growing Guide
(MIgardener)

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